Saturday, April 29, 2017

Fayum Mummy Portraits & Funerary Shroud Portrait

Fayum Mummy Portraits
encaustic (beeswax & pigment) on wood panel 
Funerary Shroud Portrait 
tempera on linen 
Fayum & Antinoopolis Egypt 
circa AD 50 - 300

The largest surviving group of classical era panel paintings come from the Greek colonies of Egypt from the Roman era, the so called Fayum Portraits.  The painters employed both the hot and cold methods of encaustic painting, where beeswax, either molten or emulsified, is used as the primary binder for the pigment.  The paintings above all belong to the collection of the Metropolitan Museum on 5th Avenue in NYC.  The last one down is a life size portrait painted in tempera on linen.

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