Fayum Mummy Portraits
encaustic (beeswax & pigment) on wood panel
Funerary Shroud Portrait
tempera on linen
Fayum & Antinoopolis Egypt
circa AD 50 - 300
largest surviving group of classical era panel paintings come from the Greek
colonies of Egypt from the Roman era, the so called Fayum Portraits.
The painters employed both the hot and cold methods of encaustic
painting, where beeswax, either molten or emulsified, is used as the
primary binder for the pigment. The paintings above all belong to the
collection of the Metropolitan Museum on 5th Avenue in NYC. The last
one down is a life size portrait painted in tempera on linen.